Islam is the only DEEN that teaches about the upright and welfare of all creatures in the universe. The Islamic Welfare State is considered a complete state in a sense that all citizens are given equal rights in the light of Quran and Sunnah. Minorities also have equal rights and duties as well as all forms of facilities which the majority has. Minorities enjoy all human rights in an Islamic Welfare State. They live in peace in a welfare state and are equally punished for breaking the law. They have equal rights of protection, purchasing and selling of property. Providing employment to the poor and vulnerable minorities and helping them is one of the responsibilities of the welfare state. At present, the situation of implementation of the rights of minorities needs much improvement. Current research has mainly been conducted through primary and secondary sources including Holy Quran, Hadith, and sayings of jurists, available published papers and documents from offices, archives and libraries. The research revealed the rights and duties of minorities in an Islamic welfare state in the light of Quran and Hadith and also highlighted their practical forms in the present time.