NIKAH IN THE PRE-ISLAMIC ERA: A CRITICLE REVIEW IN LIGHT OF SHARIA'H
نکاحِ دورِ جاہلیت: شریعت کی روشنی میں ایک تحقیقی جائزہ
Sexual satisfaction is a natural need and Islam has set up the concept of Nikah to legally address this need. As Islam is a complete way of life, it has also provided guidelines that enable us to live a pure and purposeful life. On contrary, what was prevalent in the pre-Islamic Arabia in terms of sexual relationship was far and beyond marriage. It contained elements of those things which Islam has made lawful and also elements of those practices which Islam demolished. Their definition and practices related to nikah were also quite diverse and often included matters unacceptable in a just society.This article presents an overview of various forms of nikah from those times including marriage with Muharramat (those relatives who are not valid to marry under Islamic law such as stepbrother, stepmother, and stepfather), Nikah e Mut'aa (marriage for a fixed time, may be hour, day or month), Nikah e Shigar (someone to marry his sister with other in exchange for his sister to be married with him without giving them dower), Nikah e Istibz'ag (someone to send his wife to a well known person of a town, city and tribe to have sex with him and to give birth to a child from him), Nikah e raht (to have sex with more than one person and to give birth to a child from them), Nikah e Raya't (those women who had flags on their homes as a symbol of obscenity), and Nikah e Khadan (to have sex with someone secretly). All these methods were legal and valid in the society of Jahilliyyah as it lacked the real essence of marriage and the purity it brings to the companionship and relationship between the partners.